A taxpayer is a person or organization (such as a company) subject to paying a tax. Modern taxpayers may have an identification number, a reference number issued by a government to citizens or businesses. As an independent organization within the IRS, the Taxpayer Advocacy Service helps taxpayers resolve problems and recommends changes that prevent problems. A taxpayer is a person or corporation that must pay taxes to the government based on their income.
In the technical sense, they are responsible, subject to, or obliged to pay taxes to the government in accordance with the country's tax laws. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issues individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITIN) to people who must have a U.S. ID certificate. Taxpayer identification number that doesn't have or is not eligible for a Social Security number (SSN).
The ITIN is used instead of the SSN on a tax return to identify you, your spouse, or dependent without an SSN on the tax return. For example, if you are an immigrant in the U.S. UU. Who has applied for legal status to work or reside in the U.S.
This can serve as proof of “good moral character” in immigration cases. Filing taxes can be useful in your immigration case if you can adjust your status in the future. In some cases, the ITIN can be used as a substitute for an SSN to open a personal checking or savings account. A bank account is a safe place to store your money and allows you to establish a financial history.
Some credit cards require that you have an established bank account to apply for them. By developing a good credit history, you may be able to do things like buy a house, buy a car, or borrow money to start a business in the future. The tax return also means that you can apply for the tax credits for which you are eligible. These credits can reduce the amount of taxes you owe, or they can provide you with a tax refund that can be used for things like the cost of raising children or to cover the expenses of daily living.
Learn more about the specific tax credits available if you have an ITIN. When you purchase health insurance for your U.S.-born children through the Health Insurance Marketplace, you may be eligible for the premium tax credit (PTC), which can help reduce the amount you spend on insurance. To get the PTC, parents with an ITIN must file their taxes. Some state governments accept ITINs as proof of identification when requesting a state-issued identity document.
Having a state-issued ID can expand your travel options. In eligible states, you can apply for your driver's license and use your ID to go through the TSA at airports. To file a tax return, you must enter your ITIN in the SSN space on the tax form, complete the rest of the return, and file the tax return (along with any additional forms) to the IRS. There are some tax credits you can apply for with an ITIN.
Being able to claim a dependent can also allow people who are not married to claim the status of the reporting head of household. Asserting as a “head of household” how your tax filing status (rather than filing as single or married) can reduce the amount owed in income taxes. Know what to do if you didn't perform your first or second stimulus check. If you want to file a tax return but can't get a valid SSN, you must complete the IRS Form W-7, “Request for Individual IRS Tax Identification Number.”.
The W-7 form must be submitted to the IRS with a completed tax return and documents verifying the identity and status of an alien. You will need original documents or certified copies from the issuing agencies. Form W-7 instructions describe what documents are acceptable. You can use this checklist to help you prepare your application.
Currently, it is estimated that it takes about 11 weeks for the IRS to process an ITIN application. Upon approving the ITIN application, the IRS will process the tax return and send a letter to the taxpayer, or to the certified agent, with the ITIN numbers for use on subsequent tax returns. Many people who are not allowed to live in the United States worry that filing taxes will increase their exposure to the government, for fear that this could ultimately result in deportation. If you already have an ITIN, the IRS has your information, unless you recently moved.
You're not increasing your exposure by renewing an ITIN or filing taxes with an ITIN. Current law generally prohibits the IRS from sharing tax return information with other agencies, with some important exceptions. For example, tax return information may, in certain cases, be shared with state agencies responsible for tax administration or with law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute non-tax criminal laws. Protections against information disclosure are established by law, so they cannot be revoked by a presidential executive order or other administrative action unless Congress changes the law.
When you are aware of the potential risks and benefits involved, only proceed with an ITIN application or a tax return if you feel comfortable. This information does not constitute legal advice. Consult an immigration lawyer if you have any questions. Acceptance agents are authorized by the IRS to help you complete your ITIN application.
Some acceptance agents don't prepare tax returns. In that case, you must take the completed, agent-certified W-7 form to a commercial tax preparer or to a VITA site and submit it along with the tax return. Visit the Acceptance Agent Program on the IRS website for a list of Acceptance Agents by State, which is updated quarterly. Clinics for low-income taxpayers (LITC) can also help identify local acceptance agents.
For more information on how to become an acceptance agent, see How to Become an Acceptance Agent to obtain ITIN numbers from the IRS. The Get It Back campaign helps eligible people apply for tax credits and use free tax filing assistance to maximize time. The campaign, a project of the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, partners with community organizations, businesses, government agencies and financial institutions to carry out outreach activities at the national level. For 30 years, these associations have connected low- and moderate-income people with tax benefits such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the Child Tax Credit (CTC) and Voluntary Tax Assistance (VITA).